The Most Famous Sculptures That Everyone Should Know

Expansion by Paige Bradley, New York, USA

Creative Sculptures And Famous Statues.

They have influenced the history and life of humans. Since the beginning of time, humans have made sculptures. Sculpture can be classified as the oldest art form in human history. In many places, from holy to ordinary, they have been placed. Aside from enjoying art, sculpting allows us to understand historical developments and events.

It is impossible to show all of the sculptures made until now, but here are examples that illustrate different approaches and meanings.

Sculptors have made incredible sculptures from marble, bronze, wood, and other materials through the ages. The history of sculpture goes back to our earliest days when portrait busts of great leaders or symbolic renderings of key moral principles served as important tools for understanding culture and society.

There are many majestic monuments, sculptures and artistic statues in our cities, all with their own stories. Originally, the statues were made to honour the gods, later famous people, military leaders, and generals, and they are now considered modern art and abstract pieces. Modern sculptures are primarily public art – they provide colour, emotion, and aesthetic appeal to even the most boring urban areas.

Famous Sculptures

VENUS OF WILLENDORF (C. 30,000-20,000 BCE)

4.4-inch tall Venus of Willendorf, made of limestone, was unearthed in Willendorf, Austria. One of the oldest known works of art, it is thought to have been created between 30,000 and 25,000 BCE. According to many researchers, the figure’s prominent breasts, rounded abdomen, and shapely hips indicate that the carving was intended as a fertility statue, or “Venus figurine.”

VENUS OF WILLENDORF

BUST OF NEFERTITI BY THUTMOSE (1345 BCE)

Now on display at the Neues Museum in Berlin, this limestone bust represents a beautiful portrait of Queen Nefertiti of Egypt, who served as the Great Royal Wife of Akhenaten. The image of Nefertiti made its mark on history during the Middle Ages because it was found in the workshop of an artist named Thutmose.

portrait of Nefertiti, the Great Royal Wife of the Egyptian pharaoh Akhenaten.

TERRACOTTA WARRIORS (LATE 3RD CENTURY BCE)

These statues were created in Xi’an, China, to represent the army of Qin Shi Huang, the first Emperor of China. The figures include 8,000 soldiers, 130 chariots, and 670 horses. The figurines are an amazing example of funerary art, created to guard the Emperor in the afterlife. Researchers were only able to find them in 1974 when farmers dug a well near Emperor’s tomb.

TERRACOTTA WARRIORS

VENUS DE MILO (C.130 BCE)

The Venus de Milo, also located in the Louvre, is known as the Aphrodite of Milos, and is believed to depict Aphrodite, the Greek goddess of love. In addition to standing six feet eight inches tall, this marble sculpture lacks arms. An ancient sculpture without limbs is not unusual due to the risk of limbs falling off over time. During the Greek war of 1812, a peasant discovered this world-famous sculpture, which had been fractured into two pieces.’

venus-de-milo-new-

CLOUD GATE BY ANISH KAPOOR (2004)

In addition to stoking controversy with the darkest black paint on the planet, Anish Kapoor creates headline-grabbing sculptures. Liquid mercury was the inspiration for one of his most well-known pieces, Cloud Gate in Chicago’s Millennium Park. After competing in a design contest, Kapoor won the commission, and although the seamless design led to controversy — many believed it would be impossible to build and maintain — it’s now considered a beloved part of the city.

CLOUD GATE BY ANISH KAPOOR (2004)

Mustangs By Robert Glen, Las Colinas, Texas, USA

Mustangs By Robert Glen, Las Colinas, Texas, USA

Expansion by Paige Bradley, New York, USA

Expansion by Paige Bradley, New York, USA

The Monument Of An Anonymous Passerby, Wroclaw, Poland

The Monument Of An Anonymous Passerby, Wroclaw, Poland

Salmon Sculpture, Portland, Oregon, USA

Salmon Sculpture, Portland, Oregon, USA

MAMAN BY LOUISE BOURGEOIS (1999, CAST IN 2001)

The height of Louise Bourgeois’ Maman at the Guggenheim in Bilbao is 30 feet. With its large, spider-like sculpture, the artist payed tribute to his mothers, who worked in tapestry repair. Spiders are feared for their size, but vulnerable for their stilt-like legs, which could fall at any time. We see the spider defending fiercely the sac of 26 marble eggs.

MAMAN BY LOUISE BOURGEOIS (1999, CAST IN 2001)

People Of The River By Chong Fah Cheong, Singapore

People Of The River By Chong Fah Cheong, Singapore

The Shoes On The Danube Bank by Can Togay & Gyula Pauer, Budapest, Hungary

The Shoes On The Danube Bank by Can Togay & Gyula Pauer, Budapest, Hungary

The Knotted Gun, Turtle Bay, New York, USA

The Knotted Gun, Turtle Bay, New York, USA

Break Through From Your Mold By Zenos Frudakis, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA

Break Through From Your Mold By Zenos Frudakis, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA

Black Ghost, Klaipeda, Lithuania

Black Ghost, Klaipeda, Lithuania

BALLOON DOG BY JEFF KOONS (1994-2000)

A number of Jeff Koons’ landmark sculptures were produced during the 20th century. Balloon Dog (Orange), made of stainless steel with a transparent coating, fetched $58.4 million at Christie’s in 2013. In addition to blue, magenta, red, and yellow versions, Koons also created versions of this playful party favor as monumental sculptures.

BALLOON DOG BY JEFF KOONS (1994-2000)

MONUMENT TO YURI GAGARIN BY PAVEL BONDARENKO (1980)

In 1980, the Olympic Games built a monument to Yuri Gagarin. On Leninsky Avenue, it is located in Gagarin Square. Pavel Bondarenko sculpted the monument, Yakov Belopolsky designed it, and F.M. Gazhevsky designed it because he wanted to honor his ancestors. Mounted on a high ribbed pedestal, the monument is made out of titanium. The monument has a total height of 42.5 meters (139 feet) and weighs 12 tons. A replica of the Vostok descent vehicle, which made its maiden flight on April 12, 1961, is located at the foot of the monument.

The monument to Yuri Gagarin was built for the 1980

Les Voyageurs, Marseilles, France

Les Voyageurs, Marseilles, France

Nelson Mandela, South Africa

Nelson Mandela, South Africa

De Vaartkapoen, Brussels, Belgium

De Vaartkapoen, Brussels, Belgium

Cattle Drive, Dallas, Texas, USA

Cattle Drive, Dallas, Texas, USA

Hippo Sculptures, Taipei, Taiwan

Hippo Sculptures, Taipei, Taiwan

Sinking Building Outside State Library, Melbourne, Australia

Sinking Building Outside State Library, Melbourne, Australia

BIRD IN SPACE BY CONSTANTIN BRANCUSI (1923)

The Bird in Space series by Constantin Brancusi was first sculpted in 1923 by the Romanian artist. Nine of the sculptures are made of bronze and seven of them are made of marble. By depicting movement rather than a physical image, Brancusi aimed to convey a sense of motion. Stripping the animal of its wings and feathers, and elongating its beak and midsection, the sleek form emerges.

BIRD IN SPACE BY CONSTANTIN BRANCUSI (1923)

LINCOLN MEMORIAL, DESIGNED BY DANIEL CHESTER FRENCH & CARVED BY THE PICCIRILLI BROTHERS (1920)

This marble sculpture originally stands 10 feet tall but has been expanded to 19 feet from the top to bottom. Lincoln is depicted in contemplation below the majestic temple structure that makes up the rest of the Lincoln Memorial.

LINCOLN MEMORIAL, DESIGNED BY DANIEL CHESTER FRENCH & CARVED BY THE PICCIRILLI BROTHERS (1920)

Iguana Park, Amsterdam, The Netherlands

Iguana Park, Amsterdam, The Netherlands

Man At Work, Bratislava, Slovakia

Man At Work, Bratislava, Slovakia

Mihai Eminescu, Onesti, Romania

Mihai Eminescu, Onesti, Romania

UNIQUE FORMS OF CONTINUITY IN SPACE BY UMBERTO BOCCIONI (1913, CAST IN 1931)

Umberto Boccioni was an Italian artist who died at the age of 33, but whose influence on the art world was enormous. A pioneer of the Futuristic movement, he was conscious of the dynamic nature of form and the tendency to deconstruct solid forms.
 
 This sculpture, now housed at MoMA in New York, is the culmination of his ideas. Embracing both modern technology and the past simultaneously, the sleek bronze evokes a windswept movement. 

UNIQUE FORMS OF CONTINUITY IN SPACE BY UMBERTO BOCCIONI (1913, CAST IN 1931)