Their sensitivity is a reaction to a protein called Can F1 which is found in the saliva and urine of cats and dogs. When this protein sticks to the dead flakes called skin dander of your pet, it can cause allergy symptoms in some people. These symptoms include but are not limited to swollen eyes, rashes, and shortness of breath.
For those who have allergies, the American Kennel Club (AKC) recommends getting a hypoallergenic dog breed. These breeds have a non-shedding coat and therefore less dander.
Though there is no breed that is fully hypoallergenic, there are some breeds that are better for people with allergies. In this article, we shall look at the seven most popular hypoallergenic dog breeds for people with sensitivities.
Afghan Hound is among the oldest dog breeds on Earth. They have low dander, a silky coat, a thin build, and shed almost minimally. These dogs can adapt to living in a home of any size. Their long coats need to be groomed frequently. They also require plenty of exercises.
A Bichon Frise has a fluffy and soft white coat that comes with corkscrew curls. These curls ensure that dander stays in place until the dog is groomed. These dogs are docile, small-sized, energetic, and lively. They are perfect companions for children. Their life expectancy is between 15 and 12 years for females and males respectively and their weight is between 3-5 kg.
Irish Water Spaniel
As the name indicates, Irish Water Spaniels are an Irish dog breed. They have a red coat and their life expectancy is up to 12 years. These dogs are easy to train. They are used as guard dogs due to their intelligence and energetic nature. This dog breed has short hair which prevents frequent shedding. They require brushing at least once a week to prevent their curly coat from tangling.
Maltese are playful, lively, and gentle dogs that have a long white coat. They do not shed often but require regular brushing. They are great therapy dogs and can be trained for both obedience and sports. These dogs can adapt to living in small apartment spaces and are ideal for anyone looking to own a pet for the first time.
Initially used to hunt ducks in France, poodles are ideal for those with allergies since they have a curly coat that sheds less. They are active and intelligent dogs that live up to 15 years. There are a variety of poodles based on size such as toy, miniature, standard, and medium. Poodles have a range of colours including cream, white, black, and apricot.
Portuguese Water Dog
Portuguese Water Dogs were originally used by fishermen on Portugal’s coast where they helped with herding fish into nets, retrieving nets, and functioning as couriers. This is a medium-sized dog breed that is both intelligent and docile. They are affectionate and ideal for families. Their life expectancy is between 12 and 15 years. Male dogs weigh up to 27 kg while females are at least 23 kg.
There are three breeds of Schnauzer and all of them are considered hypoallergenic. The most hypoallergenic of these is the Giant Schnauzer which is also among the big dog breeds in the world. These are working dog breeds who tend to be loyal to those that provide them sufficient attention, exercise, and training. Since they have high energy, homes with big yards or spaces for running function best for these breeds.