The Titanic was built by about 3000 labourers and nearly 3 million rivets.
It was in Harland & Wolff Shipyards Belfast, Ireland that designer James Andrews laid the first keel plate on Titanic’s hull on March 31, 1909.
Over 15,000 workers were employed on the Titanic and its sister ship. The Olympic, which started construction some three months earlier. It was these workers who would lose their lives building such a massive and dangerous structure.
As the world’s largest and most luxurious steamship, the Titanic was a marvel of modern engineering. The ship was the biggest, most luxurious cruise vessel available at the time; it had an indoor pool, dining rooms, and three different classes for passengers.
A work of art, technology, and craftsmanship, the vessel represents the best of craftsmanship and the best of Atlantic power. In addition to the Titanic, there were two other sisters named Olympic and Britannic (originally called Gigantic), and all of these were designed to be the world’s largest and most luxurious vessels.
Designed with the latest technology, the Titanic had grand plans for its future. Luxury liner plans were first introduced in 1909, but their implementation was delayed until 1912 due to the events of WWI. Using modern technology, Harland Wolff in Belfast, Ireland built what the company considered an undamageable vessel.
“Not even God himself could sink this ship.” White Star Employee.
RMS Titanic was built at the end of March 1909 thanks to the American financier J.P. Morgan and his International Mercantile Marine Co.
Titanic construction cost $7.5 million in 1909
Among those responsible for the construction of Titanic were William Pirrie (director of Harland Wolf and White Star), Thomas Andrews (Harland Wolf construction manager), and Alexander Carlisle, the shipyard’s chief draughtsman and general manager.
By the time it was completed, the Titanic had nearly 883 feet of length and 104 feet of height, making it the world’s largest passenger steamship. There were lavish staterooms in first class, some with their own promenade, along with a grand staircase, piano, smoking area, squash court, sumptuous restaurants, and more.
Despite being less posh, the accommodations in the Second and Third Class were still considered better than those on other ships.
Harland & Wolff had 15,000 employees, 3% of whom worked on the Titanic. A record-breaking number of workers were injured, and two died in construction accidents at the shipyard and another six during the building and fitting of the ship. This was an excellent safety record in light of the lax worker protection standards of the day.
With all boilers firing the Titanic produced around 46,000 horsepower.
As part of the Titanic’s design concept, sixteen compartments were divided by watertight bulkheads in the ship’s lower portion. The designers of the ship included doors between compartments rather than forcing passengers to use stairs.
During an emergency, those doors could be closed with the flick of a switch. Isolating the compartments and theoretically keeping water within the breached compartments.
Five compartments were breached by the iceberg
According to the theory, if two middle compartments or four front compartments were breached, the ship would still be able to float. Five compartments were breached by the iceberg that caused the Titanic to sink.
Two years were needed for the actual construction of the Titanic, during which time more than three million rivets held together 2,000 steel plates to form the hull. Hearing problems were reported by many riveters after long careers of working with loud noises. While N. forging, based in British Columbia, continued to grow. The anchors for Titanic’s sides and center were cast by Hingley & Sons.
With a length of over 18 feet and a weight of 15 tons. The anchor was the largest ever forged by hand at the time. The anchor chains have the most links N. The longest links of the forged Hingley & Sons chain were a full three feet long. A total of 1,200 feet of chain was used to anchor the Titanic.
One low-pressure Parsons turbine, which powered three propellers, and two reciprocating four-cylinder triple-expansion steam engines powered the ship.
Dockyard gantries are cranes that move over the top of ships carrying workers and materials to the heights and depths of ship construction. Gantries like these were custom-built for a ship of such scale and can be seen here on the Titanic.
In the early 1900s, coal-powered steam was the power source for the world’s largest movable structure. Six boiler rooms housed twenty-four double-ended Scotch class boilers alongside five single-ended boilers.
Six coal-fired furnaces were housed within the 20 foot long, 15 foot 9 inch wide boilers. 11 feet 9 inches were the length and diameter of the single-ended boilers.
The original design of the Titanic, by Thomas Andrew, was so efficient that it had only three funnels to service the massive boilers some 150 feet below. This ship of such grandeur was required to have four funnels according to White Star. So, only three out of the funnels functioned, and the fourth was purely aesthetic.
In order for the Hull to float unobstructed, it needs to be 882.9 feet long and 92 feet wide.